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Abdul Manan, S., Haron, H., Ramli, Z. & Ismail, N. H. 2016. The tengkolok heritage of Perak Darul Ridzuan: the experts, techniques, customs & taboos. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 7(4):564–571.
Adema, K. 2008. Holland's track-boat markings: a philatelic conundrum solved. Collectors Club Philatelist 87(5):291–302.
Adgey-Edgar, W. H. 1946. Catalogue of imperial Japanese overprints and issues in occupied British territories. Eastwater House, Surrey.
Akashi, Y. 2008. Colonel Watanabe Wataru: the architect of the Malayan military administration, December 1941–March 1943. In Akashi, Y. & Yoshimura, M. eds. New Perspectives on the Japanese Occupation in Malaya and Singapore, 1941–1945 pp. 33–64. National University of Singapore Press.
Akyuz, T. & Akyuz, S. 2017. Investigations on Empire series postage stamps of Ottomans (printed 1880–1890) by vibrational spectroscopic and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence techniques. Vibrational Spectroscopy 89:37–43.
Alderfer, D. 1999. British perfins make interesting specialty. Linn's Stamp News 72(3680):18–19.
Ali, K. M. 1997. Architecture: unity of the sacred and the profane. In Osman, M. T. ed. Islamic Civilization in the Malay World pp. 245–277. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur.
Allen, J. A. & Lera, T. 2013. The U.S. 1851 3¢ stamp: color, chemistry, and changes. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Analytical Methods in Philately eds. Lera, T., Barwis, J. H. & Herendeen, D. L. pp. 71–81. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington D.C.
Amulevičius, A., Mažeika, K. & Sipavičius, Č. 2009. Oxidation of stainless steel by laser cutting. Acta Physica Polonica A 115(5):880–885.
Anaf, W., Janssens, K. & de Wael, K. 2013. Formation of metallic mercury during photodegradation/photodarkening of α-HgS: electrochemical evidence. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 52(48):12568–12571.
Ansell, M. P. & Mwaikambo, L. Y. 2009. The structure of cotton and other plant fibres. In Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure eds. Eichhorn, S. J., Hearle, J. W. S., Jaffe, M. & Kikutani, T. pp. 62–94.
Araki, S., Kondo, E., Shibata, T., Yokota, T., Suzuki, M., Hirashita, T., Yamaguchi, K., Matsumoto, H. & Murase, Y. 2016. Analysis of pigments in the printing inks of the first Japanese postage stamps, the hand-engraved issues. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan 89:595–602.
Baldwin, N. C. 1966. Malaya: part III. The Malayan Philatelist 8:15–19.
Barker, W. H. 1977. The printings of the stamps of the Straits Settlements, 1935–1942: section 1. The Malayan Philatelist 18:75–79.
Barker, W. H. 1978a. The printings of the stamps of the Straits Settlements, 1935–1942: section 3. The Malayan Philatelist 19:17–21.
Barker, W. H. 1978b. The printings of the stamps of the Straits Settlements, 1935–1942: section 4. The Malayan Philatelist 19:29–36. (Errata in 29:37.)
Barker, W. H. 1979. The printings of the stamps of the Straits Settlements 1937–1942. GEOSIX 109:SS1–SS11.
Barker, W. H. 1993. The printings of the stamps of the British Military Administration of Malaya. The Malayan Philatelist 34:3–10.
Barker, W. H. 1996. Trengganu: the printings of the postage stamps, 1921–1941. The Malayan Philatelist 37:25–35.
Barker, W. H. 1997a. The Japanese occupation of Malaya, 1942–1945. Gibbons Stamp Monthly 27:27–29.
Barker, W. H. 1997b. The Japanese occupation of Malaya, 1942–1945: part 2. Gibbons Stamp Monthly 27:72–75.
Barwis, J. H. 2013. Paper characteristics of U.S. 3¢ stamps, 1870–1881. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Analytical Methods in Philately eds. Lera, T., Barwis, J. H. & Herendeen, D. L. pp. 5–18. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington D.C.
Barwis, J. H. & Brittain, H. G. 2015. Ink composition of the U.S. 3¢ stamps of 1870–1883. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Analytical Methods in Philately eds. Barwis, J. H. & Lera, T. pp. 49–56. The Institute for Analytical Philately, Ohio, USA.
Bell, I. M., Clark, R. J. H. & Gibbs, P. J. 1997. Raman spectroscopic library of natural and synthetic pigments. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 53(12):2159–2179.
Berger, C. E. H. & Ramos, D. 2009. Objective paper structure comparison: assessing comparison algorithms. Forensic Science International 222:360–367.
Berger, L. I. 1997. Semiconductor Materials. CRC Press.
Bessels, G. J. & van de Loo, P. F. A. 2001. Indonesia—are all inverted and double overprints indicated in catalogues genuine? Fakes, Forgeries & Experts 4:89–93.
Binder, D. 1989. Air-letter forms used in Malaya during the BMA period. The Malayan Philatelist 30:58.
Binney, M. & Pearce, D. eds. 1979. Railway Architecture. Orbis Publishing, London.
Blackwell, G. 2019. Great Britain: 1840 one penny black the first postage stamp forgeries? The London Philatelist 128:216–218.
Bleeker, T. R. 1982. Japanese Occupation Issues of the Dutch East Indies (1942–1945). Todd, Somerset.
Blum, A. 1940. The Origins of Printing and Engraving. (transl. Lydenberg, H. M.) Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
Bose, R. 2012. Singapore at War: Secrets from the Fall, Liberation & Aftermath of WWII. Marshall Cavendish Editions, Singapore.
B.P.A. Expert Committee 1959. Forged Malayan chops. Philately 12:100–101.
Braz, A., López-López, M. & García-Ruiz, C. 2013. Raman spectroscopy for forensic analysis of inks in questioned documents. Forensic Science International 232:206–212.
Brittain, H. G. 2013. Infrared spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction studies of the typographed Confederate 5¢ stamps. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Analytical Methods in Philately eds. Lera, T., Barwis, J. H. & Herendeen, D. L. pp. 47–55. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington D.C.
Brown, G. 2015. Some BMA 2c. oddities. The Malayan Philatelist 56:83–84.
Brown, G. 2017a. Some BMA oddities (continued). The Malayan Philatelist 58:11–13.
Brown, G. 2017b. E-Bay dreamers. The Malayan Philatelist 58:71.
Brown, G. 2017c. More on BMA perforations. The Malayan Philatelist 58:96.
Brown, G. 2018. BMA—earliest dates? The Malayan Philatelist 59:93.
Brown, G. 2019a. Singapore 1948 definitives head plate 3 and other varieties. The Malayan Philatelist 60:21–22.
Brown, G. 2019b. Letter to the editor: striated paper. The Malayan Philatelist 60:39.
Brown, G. 2019c. BMA varieties. The Malayan Philatelist 60:92.
Brown, G. 2019d. BMA—another 50c. forgery. The Malayan Philatelist 60:96.
Burgio, L., Clark, R. J. H. & Hark, R. R. 2010. Raman microscopy and X-ray fluorescence analysis of pigments on medieval and Renaissance Italian manuscript cuttings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(13):5726–5731.
Caggiani, M. C., Cosentino, A. & Mangone, A. 2016. Pigments Checker version 3.0, a handy set for conservation scientists: a free online Raman spectra database. Microchemical Journal 129:123–132.
Cameron, W. G. 1950. BMA MALAYA. Gibbons Stamp Monthly 23:54–56.
Campo, J. N. F. M. 2002. Steamshipping and State Formation in Colonial Indonesia. Uitgeverij Verloren, the Netherlands.
Carpenter, H. 1990. Japanese overprints on Straits Settlements stamps. The Malayan Philatelist 31:25–29. (Errata in 34:89.)
Cartwright, B. 2008. Madame Joseph and her forged cancellations. Fakes, Forgeries & Experts 11:27–33.
Caswell, L. R. 2013. Reflectance spectroscopy of colored overprints. In Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Analytical Methods in Philately eds. Lera, T., Barwis, J. H. & Herendeen, D. L. pp. 101–107. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press, Washington D.C.
Chang, K. K. 2001. Postal charges for inland postcards, 1949. The Malayan Philatelist 42:13.
Chang, K. K. 2002. BMA MALAYA: $5, green & red on emerald: date of issue. The Malayan Philatelist 43:55.
Chang, K. K. 2003. “BMA MALAYA” 6c grey, “white forehead” variety. The Malayan Philatelist 44:20.
Chang, K. K. 2010. Late use and invalidation of BMA stamps in the 1950s. The Malayan Philatelist 51:79.
Chang, K. K. 2014. An unrecorded TRENGGANU overprint? The Malayan Philatelist 55:66–67.
Chang, K. K. 2019a. BMA—earliest dates? The Malayan Philatelist 60:13–14.
Chang, K. K. 2019b. British Military Administration (BMA) and the restoration of postal services in post-war Malaya. Gibbons Stamp Monthly 49(11):54–59.
Chaplin, T. D., Clark, R. J. H. & Beech, D. R. 2002. Comparison of genuine (1851–1852 AD) and forged or reproduction Hawaiian Missionary stamps using Raman microscopy. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 33(6):424–428.
Chaplin, T. D., Jurado-López, A., Clark, R. J. H. & Beech, D. R. 2004. Identification by Raman microscopy of pigments on early postage stamps: distinction between original 1847 and 1858–1862, forged and reproduction postage stamps of Mauritius. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 35:600–604.
Cheah, B. K. 2003. Red Star over Malaya: Resistance and Social Conflict During and After the Japanese Occupation, 1941–1946. NUS Press, Singapore.
Cheah, J. S. 1976a. A second Uchibori Seal. Japanese Philately 31:291–293.
Cheah, J. S. 1976b. Stamps of the Japanese occupation of Penang—1942: an unlisted variety. The Malayan Philatelist 17:44.
Cheah, J. S. 1977. Singapore & Malaya: obsolete postal stationery overprinted for official use, 1950–1968. The Malayan Philatelist 18:21–27.
Cheah, J. S. 1978. Japanese occupation of Malaya: “Dai Nippon 2602 Penang” double overprint. The Malayan Philatelist 19:53.
Cheah, J. S. 1982a. The essays and proofs of the first issue of Kedah postage stamps (1912). The Singapore Philatelist 1982:34–47.
Cheah, J. S. 1982b. Little-known but striking varieties on the “DAI NIPPON 2602/PENANG” overprint. The Singapore Philatelist 1982:104–111.
Cheah, J. S. 1982c. The postal service in Penang during the transition from the Japanese occupation to the British Military Administration. The Singapore Philatelist 1982:121–129.
Cheah, J. S. 2000. The early postal history of Penang in 1942 during the Japanese occupation. The Malayan Philatelist 41:3–12.
Cheah, J. S. 2001. Japanese occupation of Malaya: the Okugawa Akira Seal of Penang—facts and fallacies. The Malayan Philatelist 42:49–57.
Cheah, J. S. 2007a. The Selangor Agri-Horticultural Exhibition, 2602. The Malayan Philatelist 48:74–77.
Cheah, J. S. 2007b. Hugh & Sons: forger of many stamps of the Japanese occupation of Malaya and Singapore. The Malayan Philatelist 48:86–89.
Cheah, J. S. 2008. Malaya: 500 Early Postcards. Editions Didier Millet, Singapore.
Cheavin, W. H. S. 1950. X-Rays do it again. A dangerous forgery of the 24 cent inverted centre U.S. Air Mail exposed. Philately 3:54–55.
Cheng, H. D., Jiang, X. H., Sun, Y. & Wang, J. 2001. Color image segmentation: advances and prospects. Pattern Recognition 34(12):2259–2281.
Chinga, G. 2002. Structural Studies of LWC Paper Coating Layers using SEM and Image Analysis Techniques. Doctor of Engineering thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Chinga-Carrasco, G. 2010. Microscopy and computerized image analysis of wood pulp fibres multiscale structures. In Microscopy: Science, Technology, Applications and Education eds. Méndez-Vilas, A. and Díaz, J. pp. 2182–2189. Formatex.
Choat, B., Cobb, A. R. & Jansen, S. 2007. Structure and function of bordered pits: new discoveries and impacts on whole-plant hydraulic function. New Phytologist 177(3):608–626.
Chua, E. T. 1987. My favourite cover—BMA period. The Singapore Philatelist 5:31.
Chua, E. T. 1988. An early presentation pack from Malaya. The Singapore Philatelist 6:82–83.
Chua, E. T. 1989. Kallang Airport Post Office. The Singapore Philatelist 7:26–27.
Chua, S. C. 1964. Report on the Census of Population 1957. Government Printer, Singapore.
Chum, F. Y. 2015. B.M.A. stamps. The Malayan Philatelist 56:75–77.
Cibulskis, J. M. 2015. Towards a stamp-oriented color guide: objectifying classification by color. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Analytical Methods in Philately eds. Barwis, J. H. & Lera, T. pp. 31–39. The Institute for Analytical Philately, Ohio, USA.
Clark, R. J. H. 1999. Raman microscopy: sensitive probe of pigments on manuscripts, paintings and other artefacts. Journal of Molecular Structure 480:15–20.
Clark, R. J. H. 2005. Raman microscopy in the identification of pigments on manuscripts and other artwork. In Scientific Examination of Art: Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis pp. 162–185. National Academies Press, Washington D.C.
Clarke, M. 1983. Stamps of Malaya: the 1941 printings on striated paper. The Malayan Philatelist 24:59–61.
Clarke, M. 1985. The "MALAYA" series of stamps for the Straits Settlements, Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak and Selangor issued 1936–42. The Malayan Philatelist 26:49–51.
Clayton, D. 1968. R.F.A. “Wave Baron” collects the mails. The Malayan Philatelist 10:19–22.
Clouse, D. & Voulangas, A. 2009. The Handy Book of Artistic Printing. Princeton Architectural Press, New York.
Cockburn, P. F. 1998. The stamps of the British Military Administration of Malaya. Gibbons Stamp Monthly 29(7):57–61.
Cockburn, P. F. 2010. Specimen stamps of the George VI period. GEOSIX 236:22.
Cockburn, P. F. 2014. Malayan Revenues. Royal Philatelic Society London.
Cockburn, P. F. 2015. The British Military Administration of Malaya. World Stamp Exhibition, Singapore.
Cockburn, P. F. 2016a. Letter to the editor. The Malayan Philatelist 57:11.
Cockburn, P. F. 2016b. Varieties on the B.M.A. 1c. stamp—additional comments. The Malayan Philatelist 57:59–60.
Cockburn, P. F. 2016c. A perfinned irony. The Malayan Philatelist 57:70.
Cockburn, P. F. 2017. The use of rubber tokens to control the rubber supply. The Malayan Philatelist 58:37–42.
Coombs, K. 1998. The Portrait Miniature in England. V&A Publications, London.
Cooper, G. M. 1982. King George VI forgeries. GEOSIX 125:15.
Cooper, G. M. 1992. BMA MALAYA and Singapore postal forgeries. The Malayan Philatelist 33:65.
Corfield, J. & Corfield, R. 2012. The Fall of Singapore: 90 Days: November 1941–February 1942. Talisman Publishing, Singapore.
Coulter, G. P. 1964. Japanese Malaya: new overprint varieties? Japanese Philately 19:16–17.
Coulter, G. P. 1965. Southward to Singapore: the first stamps of the Japanese occupation of Malaya. Japanese Philately 20:219–227.
Coulter, G. P. 1966. Malaya from Singapore northward: the single-frame Kanji overprints. Japanese Philately 21:3–16.
Coulter, G. P. 1967. More about the Malacca seal. Japanese Philately 22:82–85.
Coulton, E. 2001. Vic Groves—Tanganyika postmaster part IV—Vic the artist. Bulletin of the East Africa Study Circle 10(68):626–631.
Courtney, N. 2004. The Queen's Stamps: the Authorised History of the Royal Philatelic Collection. Methuen, London.
Cowap, J. C. 1931. Straits Settlements. Report of the Government Analyst for the year 1930. Analyst 669:812—813.
Crabtree, R. 2012. Flaws on Gibraltar, Bahrain, Malaya and Ceylon. GEOSIX 243:7—9.
Dagnall, H. 2009. Paper: the essence of postal history and philately. The GB Journal 47(2):31—41.
Dai Nippon 2005. Catalogue of the postage stamps of the Republic of Indonesia, 17 August 1945–27 December 1949. Dai Nippon, the Netherlands.
De La Rue 1952. At Bunhill Row the Stamp of Quality. De La Rue Journal 18:17—19.
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Dehn, R. A. 2003. Identifying forged type. Fakes, Forgeries & Experts 6:63–64.
Denan, Z., Abdul Majid, N. H. & Arifin, N. 2015. Ingenious Malay wood carving as daylight filtering devices. Procedia — Social and Behavioral Sciences 201:182—190.
Dewey, J. E. 1959a. The first Japanese handstamped issues of Malaya: part I. The Malayan Philatelist 1:33–34.
Dewey, J. E. 1959b. The first Japanese handstamped issues of Malaya: part II. The Malayan Philatelist 1:43–44.
Dewey, J. E. 1961. Sequel to the first Japanese handstamped issue of Malaya. The Malayan Philatelist 3:10.
Dewey, J. E. 1963. The 1935 essays of Malaya: part I. The Malayan Philatelist 5:39–41.
Dewey, J. E. 1965a. Penang in 1942: part I. The Malayan Philatelist 7:17–19.
Dewey, J. E. 1965b. Penang in 1942: part II. The Malayan Philatelist 7:41–44.
Dewey, J. E. 1971. Perforated initials on stamps of the Straits Settlements and Malaya. The Malayan Philatelist 12:66–67.
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Duberal, R. 2001. Forgeries: BMA MALAYA 50c and Singapore $1 & $2 stamps. The Malayan Philatelist 42:96–97.
Dubro, G. A. 2012. Zanzibar's Postal History Legacy. The BPA Expertising Educational Charity.
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Easton, J. 1958. The De La Rue History of British & Foreign Postage Stamps 1855 to 1901. Faber and Faber, London.
Elliot, K. 1992. A fake airmail cover. The Malayan Philatelist 33:32.
Elliot, K. 2006. Light air letters or aerogrammes? The Malayan Philatelist 47:31.
Elliot, K. & McClellan, A. 2001. Forged postmark on a BMA $5 and other stamps. The Malayan Philatelist 42:74.
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Faux, M. 1986. Stamp production at the Crown Agents. The London Philatelist 95:109–111.
Fechner, G. T. 1876. Vorschule der Aesthetik. Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig.
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Fernbank, P. 2013. King George V Key Plates of the Imperium Postage and Revenue Design. British West Indies Study Circle, Alicante.
Finlay, W. 1974. An Illustrated History of Stamp Design. Eurobook.
Fletcher, H. G. L. 1977. Postal Forgeries of the World. Harry Hayes, United Kingdom.
Flowerdew, J. 2002. STRAITS SETTLEMENTS: $1, black & red, on blue paper: issue of 1936 (KGV) or 1938 (KGVI): missing vignette. The Malayan Philatelist 43:59–60.
Foale, M. 2003. The Coconut Odyssey: the Bounteous Possibilities of the Tree of Life. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.
Foelkel, C. 2007. Vessel Elements and Eucalyptus Pulps. Associaçao Brasileira Técnica de Celulose e Papel.
Freeland, C. 2010. Perforated specimens. GEOSIX 237:14.
French, F. 2000. British Military Administration issue: a $5, green & red on emerald paper, forged overprint or forged postmark? The Malayan Philatelist 41:98.
Fryer, G. H. 1963. Field post offices in Malaya—1939 onwards. The Malayan Philatelist 5:19–20.
Furtado, C. X. 1924. Branched coconut palms and their fertility. The Gardens' Bulletin, Straits Settlements 3:274–279.
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Gallatly, J. M. 1962a. The Japanese occupation of Malaya: the double-line chop: its types and forgeries. In Malaya Japanese Occupation The Regent Stamp Co., London.
Gallatly, J. M. 1962b. Penang. In Malaya Japanese Occupation The Regent Stamp Co., London.
Gallatly, J. M. 1962c. A Trengganu overprint. In Malaya Japanese Occupation The Regent Stamp Co., London.
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Glazer, M. D. 2004. The papers used to print the King George VI colonial stamps. GEOSIX 213:1–10.
Glover, W. 1994. Straits Settlements: KGV & KGVI "MALAYA" issues—dots between letters. The Malayan Philatelist 35:44.
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Golden, L. 1962. Field post offices in Malaya. The Malayan Philatelist 4:56–57.
Govett, F. R. 1965. Netherlands Indies cancellations on Straits Settlements and Netherlands Indies stamps. The Malayan Philatelist 7:45–48.
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Gunn, L. B. 1983. The proposed issue of colonial stamps for the coronation of King Edward VIII. The Malayan Philatelist 24:46–47.
Gunn, L. B. 1989. The proposed issue of colonial stamps for the coronation of King Edward VIII. The Malayan Philatelist 30:14–15.
Gurevitch, R. N. 1993. Hong Kong Postage Stamps of the Queen Victoria Period.
Hackney, N. 1982. British Military Administration, 1945–46: notes on the postal history of the period, based on official papers. The Malayan Philatelist 23:89–96.
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Hale, R. 1991. Malayan miscellany. The Malayan Philatelist 32:48.
Hale, R. 1994. Pahang: issue of 1950–55—Sultan Sir Abu Bakar date of issue of the changes of colours & new values of 1952. The Malayan Philatelist 35:92–93.
Hale, R. 2000. Japanese occupation stamps: some regular varieties of overprint. The Malayan Philatelist 41:50–51.
Hale, R. 2002. Plate flaws on the “MALAYA” stamps of the Straits Settlements and on the “BMA MALAYA” issues, 1936 to 1949. The Malayan Philatelist 43:37–41.
Hale, R. 2014. Negri Sembilan 1948 definitive issue 30c. perforator damage. The Malayan Philatelist 55:86.
Hale, R. 2016a. More on irregular perforations. The Malayan Philatelist 57:73.
Hale, R. 2016b. Japanese occupation—Red Cross overprints. The Malayan Philatelist 57:97–98.
Hale, R. 2017. Postmark potpourri (III). The Malayan Philatelist 58:45.
Halewood, N. 2007. Queen Elizabeth definitives: part 49—Malacca and Penang 1954–57. Gibbons Stamp Monthly 38:96–97.
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Harral, G. M. 1961a. The Ukugawa-Ryo Seal of Penang. The Malayan Philatelist 3:77–78.
Harral, G. M. 1961b. The revenue stamps of the Japanese occupation of Malaya: part II. The Malayan Philatelist 3:89–93.
Harris, D. 1964. Some B.M.A. varieties. The Malayan Philatelist 6:12.
Hashim, W. & Nasir, A. H. 2011. The Traditional Malay House. Institut Terjemahan Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.
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Hill, D. 2015. Perfins—first principles. The Perfin Society Bulletin 397:10–13.
Hill, J. 1972. Bringing the mails to Cocos. The London Philatelist 81:144–149.
Hill, R. D. 1977. Rice in Malaya: A Study in Historical Geography. Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur.
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